Watches 101

The study of horology (the art and science of measuring time)  is highly complex, but it doesn't have to be. Over the past week I have received lots of feedback asking for a post on watch lexicon as well as a visual diagram detailing the parts of a watch. With that being said, I hope this post serves as a baseline for all those interested in watches. Keep sending in suggestions, I truly appreciate the feedback.

            Watch Lexicon

Movement- The mechanism powering the watch, also known as "calibre."

Quartz Movement-  A type of watch movement that is powered by a battery. Typically, this kind of movement is the cheapest and most common movement found in watches.

Manual Movement-  A type of movement that needs to be wound in order to function. Sometimes this movement is also referred to as a "hand-wound movement." These types of watches need to be wound every 24-48 hours.

Automatic Movement- A type of movement that is "self-winding." The mechanism of the watch is powered through the movement of your wrist.

Power Reserve- The amount of time a particular watch mechanism can store before it needs to be wound again.

Example- A watch with 48 hour Power Reserve would need to be wound every two days.

Chronograph- A specific type of watch that is used as a stopwatch combined with a display watch.

Dial- The display of the watch otherwise known as the "face."

Subdial- A secondary dial set on the face of a watch. Usually seen on chronographs.

Date Window- The date display on the dial of the watch.

Crystal- "Crystal" can refer to a number of materials used to protect the dial such as sapphire. 

Bezel- Protective covering for the watch that holds the crystal in place. Bezels differ based on the type of watch.

Case- The outer shell of the watch that houses the watch's bezel, movement, and back.

Pusher- Button on the case of the watch that controls the chronograph function.

Lugs- A case attachment that connects the strap or bracelet to the case of the watch.

Crown- Connects the internal mechanism of the watch to the case. Generally used for setting time, date, and other functions. 


 Watch Diagram